Can sleep affect your child with special needs…or you?
Quick answer….YES. Sleep is more than, well, sleep. It is restorative and essential to a healthy life. It is as important as water, food and air. For a child with special needs, it can make the difference between an “okay day” and a horrible one.
What does sleep do for you or your child?
A newly published study in Pediatrics revealed that “Children with nonregular bedtimes had more behavioral difficulties…Having regular bedtimes during early childhood is an important influence on children’s behavior.”
Nonregular bedtimes can disrupt a child’s behavior because it interferes with a body’s circadian rhythms (sleep cycle). It may also result in sleep deprivation, which may then negatively affect the part of the brain responsible for regulating behaviors. But, when children with nonregular bedtimes changed to regular bedtimes, parents reported positive changes in their behaviors. (Yay!)
Sleep also helps you…
• stay healthy (you get sick less frequently)
• grow (if you are a baby, child or teen)
• get to and maintain a healthy weight
• lower your risk of high blood pressure and diabetes
• boost your mood
• think clearly, be more focused, and sharp
All of these benefits will allow your child to feel happier, do better at school, avoid injuries and be at his best – and that includes being better behaved. For adults, the benefits are the same, making you more efficient at work, more energetic, less likely to make mistakes, and able to maintain a positive outlook. It also helps you to maintain patience – something needed when you are dealing with babies, children or teenagers, with or without special needs.
How much sleep do you really need?
• newborns need 16 -18 hours of sleep each day
• preschoolers need 11-12 hours per day
• school-aged kids need at least 10 hours
• teens need at least 9 hours of sleep each night
• adults need about 7-8 hours of sleep each night (some people need more, some less).
Note the words “at least,” as there are many kids who need much more sleep in order to function properly, depending on their lifestyle and medical condition.
What happens if you don’t get enough sleep?
Children and teens need sleep to help their bodies grow. Cells regenerate at night during sleep. By not getting enough sleep, the hormone balance in a child will be thrown off. Without adequate sleep, a child’s immune system will have a harder time fighting off germs and diseases.
If you don’t get enough sleep, your “sleep debt” will increase to a point when you will need to make up for the lost sleep. If you do not get the sleep you need, your body does not operate as it should. Your judgment and reaction times will be negatively affected. This can be dangerous for adults, especially if you are caring for an infant or child, or you are driving a car. Lack of sleep and driving is risky – it is as dangerous a combination as drinking alcohol and driving.
Where can you get more info?
For information on how to get a restful night’s sleep, sleep tips for children and adults, and when to see a doctor regarding possible sleep problems, see this handy guide.
Sleep is not a luxury. It is a necessity. By keeping a regular bedtime, your child’s health and behaviors may improve. Think of sleep as one of those essential nutrients (like a vitamin). Then, you may be able to make sleep one of the priorities in your life.
If you and your little one get the sleep you need, you will see and feel a positive difference.
Note: This post is part of the weekly series Delays and disabilities – how to get help for your child. It was started in January and appears every Wednesday. Go to News Moms Need and click on “Help for your child” on the menu on the right side to view all of the blog posts to date. As always, we welcome your comments and input.
Have questions? Send them to AskUs@marchofdimes.org.