Your NICU healthcare team
At times, it may seem that there is a constant flow of different people caring for your baby in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A team of professionals work together to give your baby every possible chance of achieving good health.
Some or all of these people may be part of the NICU team at your hospital:
chaplain – A person who provides spiritual support to NICU families.
charge nurse – A health care provider who has nursing training. The charge nurse makes sure that the NICU runs well. This nurse also oversees admitting babies to and discharging them from the NICU.
clinical nurse specialist – Also called CNS. A health care provider who has special nursing training in the care of children and their families. The CNS helps parents deal with their baby’s stay in the NICU. The CNS provides support and teaches parents about their baby’s health condition. The CNS is also involved in nursing staff education.
family support specialist – A person who provides information, help and comfort to families when their baby is in the NICU.
lactation consultant – A person who has special training to help women breastfeed.
medical geneticist – A doctor who has special training in diseases that are inherited and other birth defects.
neonatal nurse practitioner – Also called NNP. A health care provider who has special nursing and medical training in caring for sick babies. The NNP works with the baby’s neonatologist and other medical team members. The NNP can perform medical procedures and care for babies.
neonatal physician assistant – Also called PA. A health care provider who has special medical training in working with sick newborns. The PA works with the neonatologist, performs medical procedures and may direct your baby’s care.
neonatologist – A pediatrician (children’s doctor) who has years of additional medical training in the care of sick newborns.
neonatology fellow – A fully trained pediatrician who is getting additional medical training in the care of sick newborns.
occupational therapist – Also called OT. A health care provider who helps figure out how well babies feed and swallow and how well they move their arms and legs.
ophthalmologist – A doctor who has special medical training in the care of eyes and vision.
patient care assistant – Also called PCA. A NICU staff member who helps nurses change bed sheets, feed babies and prepare bottles.
pediatric cardiologist – A doctor who has special medical training in the care of a baby’s or child’s heart.
pediatric gastroenterologist – A doctor who has special medical training in the care of a baby’s or child’s digestive system. The digestive system is made up of organs and tubes that digest (break down) the food a baby eats.
pediatric neurologist – A doctor who has special medical training in the care of a baby’s or child’s brain and spinal cord. A spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that carries signals between the brain and the body.
pediatric pulmonologist – A doctor who has special medical training in the care of a baby’s or child’s lungs.
pediatric resident – A doctor who is getting medical training in taking care of babies and children.
pediatrician – A doctor who has special training in taking care of babies and children.
pharmacist – A person who has special training in how medicines work and the side effects they may cause. People get prescription medicine from a pharmacist. Pharmacists also provide medicines in the hospital and may visit patients with the NICU team.
physical therapist – Also called PT. A health care provider who looks at any movement problems babies have and how they may affect developmental milestones such as sitting, rolling over or walking. The PT helps a baby improve muscle strength and coordination.
registered dietitian – Also called RD. A health care provider who is trained as an expert in nutrition. The RD works with the NICU doctors and nurses to help make sure babies get all the nutrients they need. Nutrients, like vitamins and minerals, help the body stay healthy.
registered nurse – Also called RN. A health care provider who has nursing training. An RN in the NICU has special training in caring for sick newborns.
respiratory therapist — Also called RT. A health care provider who cares for babies with breathing problems. An RT is trained to use medical equipment needed to care for babies.
social worker – A person who is trained to help families cope with their baby’s NICU stay. The social worker can help families get information from health care providers about their baby’s medical conditions, give emotional support, help families work with medical insurance companies, and help plan for when their baby comes home.
speech and language therapist – A health care provider who has training to help people with speech and language problems. In the NICU, this therapist often helps newborns with feeding problems.
surgeon – A doctor who has additional specialized medical training in performing surgery and other procedures.
technician – A member of the hospital staff who may draw blood or take X-rays (a test that uses small amounts of radiation to take pictures of inside the body).
At one point or another, you may encounter many of the above people while your baby is in the NICU. They all work together to provide continuous care for your baby. Learn more about pediatric specialties and how they may help your baby.
Remember – you are also an important member of the NICU team, too. Don’t ever hesitate to ask questions or speak up for your baby.
Have questions? Text or email AskUs@marchofdimes.org.