Prematurity 101

Passing the time while your baby is in the NICUNovember is Prematurity Awareness Month. There are many facts that you probably already know about prematurity, but some that you may not. Here is quick cheat sheet on Prematurity 101. See if you can find the one statement that is false. (Answer is at the bottom – no peeking!)

Premature birth is the #1 cause of newborn death (1st 28 days of life).

Worldwide, 15 million babies are born preterm (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) and more than a million die as a result.

Babies who survive a premature birth often have lifelong health problems.

Preemies can suffer from cerebral palsy, vision and hearing loss, intellectual disabilities and learning problems.

Birth defects is the #1 cause of infant death (1st year of life).

We only understand about half of all the causes of premature birth.

Each year in the U.S., about 1 in 10 babies is born prematurely.

A baby’s life-long health problems can have a devastating financial effect on a family.

Babies born at 36 – 38 weeks of pregnancy may struggle with learning in school.

If your pregnancy is healthy, it’s best to stay pregnant for at least 39 weeks to give your baby’s brain and other organs the time they need to develop before birth.

If a baby is born prematurely and seems fine, he won’t have any problems as he gets older.

Which is the false statement?

They are all true except for the last statement. Just because a premature baby seems fine when he leaves the hospital doesn’t mean he won’t struggle with learning, experience developmental delays, or have disabilities as he gets older. About 1 in 3 children born prematurely need special school services at some point during their school years.

Learn more about the impact of premature birth on a family and society and how the Institute of Medicine (IOM) estimates the cost of premature birth in the United States to be $26.2 billion each year.

See our article to understand the emotional toll of prematurity on a family, especially as they face days, weeks or even months watching their baby fight for his life in the hospital.

What can YOU do?

Everyone can participate in Prematurity Awareness Month and World Prematurity Day on November 17th by visiting https://www.facebook.com/worldprematurityday. Help us light the world purple to spread awareness!

Join the conversations on Twitter – see our upcoming chats about prematurity here.

Have questions?  Text or email them to AskUs@marchofdimes.org.

 

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